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Pediatric Assessments

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Neonatal Development Assessments Overall Development Assessments Motor Assessments Visual Motor/Perceptual Assessments Sensory Processing Assessments Psychological/
Cognitive Assessments
Play/Social Participation Assessments
Name: Assessment of Premature Infants Behavior (APIB)
Purpose: To assess infant’s patterns of developing behavioral organization in response to increasing sensory & environmental stimuli
Method: Behavior checklist & scale
Population: Premature infants
Name: Denver Developmental Screening Test II
Purpose: Standardized task performance & observation screening tool for early identification of children at risk for developmental delays in 4 areas: personal-social, fine motor adaptive, language, & gross motor
Method: Test items below child’s chronological age are administered with sequential progression toward higher level items (until 3 failures)
Population: 1 mo – 6 yrs
Name: Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT-2)
Purpose: Standardized test assesses & provides an index of overall motor proficiency; fine & gross motor composites, including consideration of speed, duration, and accuracy of performance, and hand &/or foot preferences
Method: Long & short forms with 8 subtests
Population: 4 – 21 yrs
Name: Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration
Purpose: Assesses visual motor integration
Method: Copying 24 geometric forms, sequenced according to level of difficulty; stops at 3 failures
Population: 2 – 7 yrs (short form), 2 – 18 yrs (full form)
Name: Sensory Profile and Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile
Purpose: Measures reactions to daily sensory experiences
Method: Obtains caregiver’s judgment and observation of a child’s sensory processing, modulation, and behavioral and emotional responses in each sensory system via a caregiver questionnaire
Population: 3 – 10 yrs (SP), birth – 36 mos (Infant/Toddler SP)
Name: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS)
Purpose: Determines severity of autism and distinguishes children with autism from children with developmental delays who do not have autism
Method: An observation tool is used to rate behavior
Population: Children over 2 years of age who have autism
Name: Play History
Purpose: Assesses play behavior and play opportunities
Method: Primary caregiver provides info about a child in 3 categories (general info, pervious play experience, actual play) that occurs over 3 days of play
Population: Children and adolescents
Name: Neuro Assessment of Pre-term and Full-term New-born Infant (NAPFI)
Purpose: Rating scale consisting of a brief neuro exam incorporated into routine assessment
Method: Items administered in a sequence; quiet sleep state, items not influenced by sleep, awake state
Population: Pre-term & full-term newborns
Name: Bayley Scales of Infant Development
Purpose: Standardized rating scales assessing areas of develop.: cognitive, language, motor, social emotional, & adaptive behavior
Method: Age approp. Items are selected from items on domain scales and involves parents completing 2 questionnaires
Population: 1 – 42 mos
Name: Earhardt Developmental Prehension Assessment
Purpose: Observation checklist based on performance assessing involuntary arm-hand patterns, voluntary movements of approach, & prewriting skills
Method: Administered in sections according to age level
Population: All children
Name: Developmental Test of Visual Perception (2 & A)
Purpose: Assesses visual perceptual skills and visual motor integration for levels of performance and for designing interventions
Method: 2- eight subtests, A- 4 subtests
Population: 4 – 10 yrs (form 2), 11 – 74 yrs (form A)
Name: Sensory Profile Adolescent/Adult
Purpose: Allows clients to identify their personal behavioral responses and develop strategies for enhanced participation
Method: A questionnaire measures individual’s reactions to daily sensory experiences
Population: 11 – 65 yrs
Name: Coping Inventory and Early Coping Inventory
Purpose: Assesses coping habits, skills, and behaviors, including effectiveness, style, strengths, and vulnerabilities to develop intervention plans
Method: Questionnaires
Population: 3-16 yrs (Observation Form), 15 yrs and above (Self-Rated Form), 4 – 36 mos (Early Coping Inventory)
Name: Revised Knox Preschool Play Scale
Purpose: Observations of play skills to differentiate developmental play abilities, strengths and weaknesses, and interest areas
Method: Observations (organized by 6 month increments) administered in natural indoor/outdoor environment
Population: 0 – 6 yrs
Name: First STEP Screening Test for Evaluating Preschoolers
Method: Assesses areas identified by the IDEA; tabletop tasks administered and observations are used
Population: 2 yrs, 9 mos – 6 yrs, 2 mos
Name: Peabody Developmental Motor Scales
Purpose: Standardized rating scales of gross & fine motor development
Method: Test items administered one level below child’s expected motor age in order to maintain a basal age level
Population: Birth – 6 yrs (with motor, hearing, and/or speech/language disorders)
Name: Earhardt Developmental Vision Assessment
Purpose: Behavior rating scale to determine visual motor development that assesses involuntary and voluntary visual patterns
Method: 271 test items organized and sequenced developmentally
Population: Birth – 6 mos (6 mo considered norm; can be used with older children)
Name: Test of Playfulness
Purpose: Assesses a child’s playfulness based on observations according to 4 aspects of play
Method: Observed behaviors are rated according to intrinsic motivation, internal control, disengagement from constraints of relating, and framing
Population: 15 mos – 10 yrs
Name: Hawaii Early Learning Profile (HELP)
Purpose: Non-standardized scale of developmental levels. An educational curriculum-referenced test that assesses six areas of function (cognitive, gross motor, fine motor, language, social-emotional, self-help)
Method: Administered in natural environment; developmentally approp. Items administered according to protocols
Population: Birth – 3 yrs (without develop. delay, disabilities, or at risk), HELP for preschoolers 3 – 6 yrs (with or without delays)
Name: Toddler and Infant Motor Evaluation
Purpose: Assesses the quality of movement
Method: Five primary subtests (mobility, stability, motor organization, social/emotional abilities, & functional performance). Quality rating, component analysis, and atypical positions can be assessed by a clinician with advanced training
Population: Birth – 3 yrs, 6 mos
Name: Preschool Visual Motor Integration Assessment (PVMIA)
Purpose: A standardized norm referenced assessment which evaluates visual motor integration and visual perceptual skills (perception in space, awareness of spatial relationships, color & shape discrimination, matching 2 attributes simultaneously, ability to reproduce what is seen and interpreted
Method: Two performance subtests and two behavioral observation checklists
Population: Preschoolers aged 3.5 – 5.5 yrs
Name: Transdisciplinary Play-Based Assessment
Purpose: Measures child’s development, learning style, interaction patterns, and behaviors to determine need for services
Method: Non-standardized play assessment employing team observations on 6 phases; observations are categorized into developmental domains of cognitive, social-emotional, communication, language, & sensorimotor
Population: Infancy – 6 yrs
Name: Miller Assessment for Preschoolers (MAP)
Purpose: Standardized task performance screening tool assessing sensory and motor abilities
Method: Items administered relate to age; supplemental non-standardized observations may be used
Population: 2 yrs, 9 mos – 5 yrs, 8 mos
Name: Motor Free Visual Perception Test
Purpose: A standardized, quick eval to assess visual perception (spatial relationships, visual discrimination, figure ground, visual memory)
Method: Number of items administered depends on child’s age
Population: 4 – 95 yrs
Name: Participation Scale
Purpose: A measure of restrictions in social participation related to community mobility, access to work, recreation & social interactions
Method: 18 item questionnaire addressing 9 domains from ICF
Population: 15 yrs and older (w/physical disabilities)
Name: Pediatric Eval of Disability Inventory (PEDI)
Purpose: Standardized behavior checklist and rating scale that assesses capabilities and detects functional deficits, to determine develop. level, monitor the child’s progress and/or to complete a program evaluation
Method: Observation & interview (self-care, mobility, & social skills)
Population: 6 mos – 7 yrs
Name: Motor Free Visual Perception Test- Vertical
Purpose: Eval of individuals with spatial deficits, due to hemi-field visual neglect or abnormal visual saccades
Method: 36 items are vertically placed spatial relationships, visual discrimination, figure ground, visual closure, visual memory)
Population: Children and adults w/ visual field cuts or without visual impairments
Name: School Function Assessment
Purpose: Assesses and monitors functional performance in order to promote participation in a school environment
Method: Criterion-reference questionnaire assessing level of participation, type of current support required, & performance of school-rated tasks
Population: Children enrolled in school
Name: Test of Visual Motor Skills (TVMS) & Test of Visual Motor Skills, Upper Level (TVMS-UL)
Purpose: Assesses eye hand coordination skills for copying geometric designs
Method: The individual copies and draws geometric designs which become sequentially more complex
Population: 2 – 13 yrs (TVMS), 12 – 40 yrs (TVMS-UL)
Name: Test of Visual Perceptual Skills
Purpose: Assesses visual perceptual skills and differentiates there from motor dysfunction, as a motor response is not required
Method: Seven visual perceptual skills (visual discrimination, visual memory, visual-spatial relationships, visual form constancy, visual sequential memory, visual figure ground, and visual closure); test items are presented in a multiple choice format and are sequenced in complexity; stops at 3 failures
Population: 4 – 19 yrs