facebook Frame of Reference and assessments used - Pass The OT

Commonly used assessment tools for the various FOR


Frame of Reference   Assessments
Allen Cognitive Model (ACL) The Allen Battery is the combination of all items designed for use with the Allen Cognitive Levels.

The Allen Battery consists of:
1. ACL Screens – The ACLS and the LACLS
2. ADM manual and the related projects from S & S
3. Sensory Stim Kits for low ACLs
4. Safety Series for high ACLs




This model is based on the assumption that voluntary movement and control are the result of muscle strength and function, joint integrity and range, and physical endurance/tolerance.

The capacity for motion, therefore, has three main components:

1. ROM
• Goniometer measurements
• Jebsen Hand Function Test

2. Muscle Strength
• MMT e.g. Oxford Scale
• Hand-grip dynamometer

3. Endurance
• Metabolic costs of activity- METs
• Borg Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE Scale for endurance)

Also assess:
i. Edema and Pain as may impact on the capacity for motion
ii. Occupational performance areas: Activities of daily living, Work and Leisure
iii. Coordination/Dexterity

• Circumferential measurement
• Volumetric measurement (water displacement)

• Pain Scale (visual analog and numerical rating scale)

Occupation-based Assessments
• Barthel ADL Index
• Nottingham ADL/Extended ADL
• Klein-Bell Activities of Daily Living Scale (K-B Scale)
• Assessment of motor and process skills (AMPS)
• Functional Independence Measure (FIM)
• Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH)
• Tessa – The Enabling System and Skills Assessment
• Valpar – Component Work Sample Series

• Purdue Pegboard
• Minnesota Manual Dexterity Test
• 9 Hole Peg Test

COMP_E The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) is the only assessment tool developed along with the CMOP.
It is a semi structured interview based on this model and provides practitioners with the tool to organize their thoughts.
Developmental The guiding principle of all developmental theories is that people develop in a predictable sequence from birth to maturity and throughout life. This model is therefore appropriate for all ages. The assessments are selected based on the presenting difficulties.

Areas that can be assessed within this model are:
• Developmental progression
• Gross, fine, and oral motor skills
• Visual perceptual skills
• Cognitive skills
• Sensory skills
• Social skills

Some of the assessment tools that can be used with this model are:
• Gesell’s developmental milestones
• Bayley Scales of Infant Development
• Denver Developmental Screening Test II
• Miller Assessment of The Preschooler
• Hawaii Early Learning Profile
• Sensory profile
• SPM: sensory processing measure
• Developmental Test of Visual Perception-2 (DVPT-2)
• Motor-Free Visual Perception Test (MVPT)
• Peabody Developmental Motor Scales 2nd Edition (PDMS 2)
• Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition
• Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI)
• Adolescent Role Assessment
• Lifestyle Performance Profile: An Organizing Frame
• Role Change Assessment
• The Occupational Performance History Interview (OPHI)
• Role Checklist

Dynamic Interactional Cognitive Rehab Contextual Memory Test (CMT)
• Toglia Category Assessment
• Dynamic Object Search Test (derived from Dynamic Visual Processing Test)
• Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS)
• Cognitive Performance Test (CPT)
• Executive Function Performance Test (EFPT)
• Arnadottir OT- ADL Neurobehavioral Evaluation (A-ONE)
• Cognitive Assessment of Minnesota (CAM)
• Lowenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment (LOTCA)
• Motor Free Visual Perceptual Test (MVPT)
• Test of Everyday Attention (TEA)
Ecology of Human Performance There is a worksheet or checklist for each component that makes up the constructs.

The 4 constructs of this model are:
1. person
2. context
3. tasks
4. performance

The Checklists and worksheets that can be used in the evaluation process:
• Person variables worksheet
• Temporal environment checklist
• Physical environment checklist
• Cultural environment checklist
• Priorities checklist
• Social environment checklist

MOHO The MOHO has over 20 assessments which serve a wide range of purposes
from screening to identifying issues related to specialized areas, such as work rehabilitation.

Some of the assessments are:

• The Assessment of Communication and Interaction Skill (ACIS)
• Assessment of Work Performance (AWP)
• Child Occupational Self-Assessment (COSA)
• The Model of Human Occupation Screening Tool (MOHOST)
• The Occupational Circumstances Assessment Interview and Rating Scale (OCAIRS)
• The Occupational Performance History Interview-II (OPHI-II)
• Occupational Self-Assessment (OSA)
• The Occupational Therapy Psychosocial Assessment of Learning (OTPAL)
• The Pediatric Volitional Questionnaire(PVQ)
• The Short Child Occupational Profile (SCOPE)
• The School Setting Interview (SSI)
• The Volitional Questionnaire (VQ)
• Work Environment Impact Scale (WEIS)
• Worker Role Interview (WRI)
• Residential Environment Impact Scale (REIS)

Neuro FORs

• Brunnstrom

• Neurodevelopmental Treatment Approach

• Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Function

• Rood


Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS)
• Functional Independence Measure (FIM)
• Arm Motor Ability Test (AMAT)
• Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)
• Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT)
• Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA)
• Modified Ashworth Scale
• Motor Assessment Scale (MAS)
• Reflex Testing
• Observe the quality of volitional movement patterns
• Observe reflex patterns, such as equilibrium and righting reactions
Occupational Adaptation • Relative Mastery Measurement Scale (RMMS)
– only assessment tool directly related to the occupational adaptation by Schkade and Schultz (1992).

Other assessments

• Occupational Self-Assessment (OSA)
• Occupational Adaptation Interview Guide (OAPG)
• Occupational Case Analysis Interview and Rating Scale (OCAIRS)
• Occupational Performance History Interview (OPHI)
PEOP Any assessment assessing the client, environment, and occupation.

• Occupational Self-Assessment (OSA)
• Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)
• Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living
• The Activity Card Sort (ACS)
• Executive Function Performance Test
• Interest Checklist
• Role Checklist

Psychodynamic Theory • Azima Battery (draw a whole person, finger painting)
• Barbara Hemphill (BH) Battery- (mosaic tile trivet and finger painting)
• Lerner Magazine Picture Collage
Rehabilitative Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)
• Functional Independence Measure (FIM)
• Klein-Bell Activities of Daily Living Scale
• Kohlman Evaluation of Living Scale (KELS)
• Client Factor Assessments
• Bells Test
• Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE)
• ROM using goniometer
• Semmes-Weinstein for sensation
Sensory Integration (SI) Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests (SIPT)
• The DeGangi–Berk Test of Sensory Integration
• Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile (ITSP)
• Test of Sensory Functions in Infants (TSFI)
• Sensory Processing Measure-Preschool: Home Form
• Sensory Processing Measure-Preschool: Main Classroom and School Environments
• Sensory Processing Measure: Home Form
• Sensory Processing Measure: Main Classroom and School Environments Form
• The Sensory profile 2 includes infant, toddler, child, and school rating forms
• Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile consists of standardized questionnaires that focus on the student’s sensory processing performance patterns within the natural context

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