An OT and OTA who work together in a mental health facility are collaborating to formulate a treatment plan for a group of young adults who have a history of having difficulty forming interpersonal relationships. The OT decides to use a Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) approach in a group setting as part of the OT intervention plan and asks the OTA to document the patients’ behavior during the group. What behaviors would the OTA MOST LIKELY observe from the group members which would validate that they would benefit from this type of approach
A. A group member displays anger towards another member stating, “You’re not being fair!”
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A. A group member displays anger towards another member stating, “You’re not being fair!”. DBT is a type of cognitive-behavioral treatment developed by Marsha Linehan, Ph.D., in the 1980s to treat people with borderline personality disorder. Those diagnosed with BPD often experience extremely intense negative emotions that are difficult to manage. These intense and seemingly uncontrollable negative emotions are often experienced when the individual is interacting with others—friends, romantic partners, family members. People with borderline often experience a great deal of conflict in their relationships. As its name suggests, DBT is influenced by the philosophical perspective of dialectics: balancing opposites. Focusing on the emotion is essential for an effective intervention. Members identify events that bring on the emotion, and then list behaviors they use to respond to that emotion (Early, p 37). The group members help one another to create constructive or neutral ways of behaving. B and C. These behaviors are typically associated with patients who have mood disorders such as Major Depression and Bipolar Disorder. D. Obsessive compulsive disorders/anxiety disorders would benefit from group discussions on mindfulness training or relaxation. Early, Mary Beth. (2009) Mental Health Concepts & Techniques for the Occupational Therapy Assistant (4th Edition). Baltimore, MD.: Walters Kluwer, p 37. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/in-flux/201608/8-things-the-most-toxic-people-in-your-life-have-in-common https://www.ot-innovations.com/psychosocial/dialectical-behavior-therapy/ https://www.psychologytoday.com/za/therapy-types/dialectical-behavior-therapy
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